Latest revision 13-04-2020
Unified Alternative Cosmology
Author: Han de Bruijn
Our Unified Alternative Cosmology (UAC) starts with a wild hypothesis by
: the (rest) mass of atomic particles is increasing with (proper) time. Arp's hypothesis is shown to be
compatible with a static Euclidean universe, which is eternal in "atomic time" and has moments of creation
(i.e. one or more beginnings) in "orbital time". In this model, gravitation is completely separated from
all other forces in nature; it is e.g. distinct from quantum mechanics and electrodynamics, meaning that
Grand Unified Theories are beyond the scope of UAC. Our steady-state universe is equipped with (intrinsic)
redshift, thus effectively avoiding Olbers' paradox in the first place. Another consequence of Arp's hypothesis is that all devices for
measuring length are shrinking, which is the same as saying that empty space is continuously expanding.
Moreover, there is a possible explanation for the rotation curves of galaxies, without any artificial
assumptions such as dark matter. Last but not least, there is an alternative theory for the Cosmic
Microwave Background Radiation, based upon overlapping galaxies in the past - an idea by F. Hoyle.
So far so good about the Alternative. For the Unified:
just take a look at the person's names in the table of contents below.
- Arp's Hypothesis
- Intrinsic Redshift
- Length Contraction
- Giant Creatures
- Time Dilation
- Narlikar's Law
- Milne's Formula
- Van Flandern
- Creation Time
- Pendulum test
- C-decay Theories
- C-decay data fit
- Barry's picture
- Hubble Trouble
- Galaxy project
- Paper by Hoyle
What is the truth value of such a speculative theory? That may be fun, depending
on your sense of humour.
Time to give a little lesson in what the scientific method is about, especially
meant for those who think that what they think must be true, because they wishfully think so.
Let $H =$ Hypotheses, $C =$ Conclusion and let "if $H$ then $C$" be our theory, then we have the
| H || C || if H then C |
| true || true || true |
| true || false || false |
| false || true || true |
| false || false || true |
This means that our theory can only be false if the Hypotheses are true while
any of the Conclusions is false. So it is still true if all of the Hypotheses are false.
Which is pretty good :-)
(*) Material conditional,
Conditional Statements: if p then q,
Propositional Logic and Redundancy.
Okay, no joking anymore. Is there any empirical evidence supporting the UAC theory? The answer may be surprising:
- Intrinsic Redshift may well be replacing Cosmological Redshift
- Masses of certain young stars are observed to be persistently too low
- The Shrinking Kilogram may be related to the Age of the Earth
- The Leap Second may be related to the Age of the Earth as well
- The Moon is spiraling away from the Earth at a certain rate per year
- A possible explanation for the Rotation Curve of galaxies presented
- Alternative theory for the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation